International Health Regulations (IHR).

The International Health Regulations (IHR) are an international legal instrument that is binding on 196 countries across the globe, including all the Member States of WHO. Their aim is to help the international community prevent and respond to acute public health risks that have the potential to cross borders and threaten people worldwide.

The IHR, which entered into force on 15 June 2007, require countries to report certain disease outbreaks and public health events to WHO. Building on the unique experience of WHO in global disease surveillance, alert and response, the IHR define the rights and obligations of countries to report public health events, and establish a number of procedures that WHO must follow in its work to uphold global public health security.

Zika virus:-

Zika virus is a mosquito-borne virus transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes. The same mosquito also transmits 3 other vector-borne diseases -- dengue, chikungunya and yellow fever – across tropical and subtropical regions around the world. The most common symptoms of Zika virus are headache, muscle and joint pain, mild fever, rash, and inflammation of the underside of the eyelid. To lower the risk of being infected with Zika virus: use insect repellent; cover as much of the body as possible with long, light-coloured clothing; empty, clean or cover containers that can hold water to remove places mosquitoes can breed; and sleep under mosquito nets.

Zika virus and complications-

Full coverage of the current situation regarding Zika virus, clusters of microcephaly cases, and neurologic disorders in some areas affected by Zika virus.

Infographics:-

Infographics help WHO convey health messages to the public through visuals. Here you can find a compilation of WHO infographics according to topic.

    • Adolescent Health

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      Adolescents – young people between the ages of 10 and 19 years – are often thought of as a healthy group. Nevertheless, many adolescents die prematurely.

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      Antibiotic Resistance

      Antibiotic resistance happens when bacteria change and become resistant to the antibiotics used to treat the infections they cause. A resistant infection may kill, can spread to others, and imposes huge costs to individuals and society.

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      Climate change and health

      Climate change effects everyone. Countries with weak health systems will be least able to prepare and respond, and children are the most vulnerable due to long term exposures to environmental risks

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      Diabetes

      About 422 million people worldwide have diabetes, a number likely to more than double in the next 20 years. Type 2 accounts for around 90% of all diabetes worldwide. Reports of type 2 diabetes in children have increased globally.

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      Disabilities and rehabilitation

      A billion people in the world, 15% of the population, have a disability severe enough that it limits their participation in family, community and political life.

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      Environmental health

      Environmental health addresses all the physical, chemical, and biological factors external to a person, and all the related factors impacting behaviours.

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      Food safety

      Foodborne diseases take a major toll on health. Millions of people fall ill and many die as a result of eating unsafe food.

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      Hepatitis

      Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver, most commonly caused by a viral infection. There are five main hepatitis viruses, referred to as types A, B, C, D and E.

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      HIV/AIDS

      HIV is a retrovirus that infects cells of the immune system, destroying or impairing their function. The most advanced stage of HIV infection is acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).

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      Mental health

      Mental health is related to the promotion of well-being, the prevention of mental disorders, and the treatment and rehabilitation of people affected by mental disorders.

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      Neglected tropical diseases

      Neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) are a diverse group of diseases with distinct characteristics that thrive mainly among the poorest populations. NTDs are endemic in 149 countries and affect more than 1.4 billion people, costing developing economies billions of dollars every year.

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      Nutrition

      Nutrition is a critical part of health and development. Better nutrition is related to improved infant, child and maternal health, stronger immune systems, safer pregnancy and childbirth, lower risk of non-communicable diseases, and longevity.

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      Palliative Care

      Palliative care is important for patients with life-threatening illnesses and their families. It relieves physical, psychological and spiritual suffering. Palliative care also plays a major role in improving quality of life.

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      Sexual and reproductive health

      About 830 women die each day due to complications in pregnancy and childbirth. This is despite a 44% reduction in maternal deaths between 1990 and 2015.

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      Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)

      Environmental health addresses all the physical, chemical, and biological factors external to a person, and all the related factors impacting behaviours.

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      Violence and injury prevention

      Injuries–resulting from traffic collisions, drowning, poisoning, falls or burns - and violence - from assault , self-inflicted violence or acts of war–kill more than five million people worldwide annually and cause harm to millions more.

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      Viral haemorrhagic fevers

      Viral haemorrhagic fever is a general term for a severe illness, sometimes associated with bleeding, that may be caused by a number of viruses, including Lassa fever, Rift Valley Fever, Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever and others.

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      Zika virus disease

      Zika virus is a mosquito-borne virus transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes in tropical regions. This is the same mosquito that transmits dengue, chikungunya and yellow fever.